رشته زبان انگلیسی بررسی راهبردهای درک شنیداری بکار گرفته شده توسط زبان آموزان ایرانی

1.6.5 Socio-affective Strategies……………………………………………………12

1.6.6 Listening Comprehension…………….……………………………………..12

1.7Summary…………………………………………………………………….………..12

 

Chapter Two: Review of the Literature

2.0 Introduction…………………………………………………………………….…….14

2.1 Language learning and strategies………………………………………………..……14

2.2 Classification of language learning strategies ………………………………….……23

2.3 Language learning and listening…………………………………………………..….28

2.3.1. What Is Listening?……………………………………………………………………………..28

2.4 Role of Listening in Second or Foreign Language Acquisition ………………….….31

2.5 Listening Comprehension Strategies ………………………………………………..…….33

2.5.1 Metacognitive Listening Strategies…………………..…………………………….39

2.5.1.1 Pre-listening Planning Strategies………………………………………….44

2.5.1.2 While-listening Monitoring Strategies……………………………………45

2.5.1.3 Post Listening Evaluating Strategies………………………………………46

2.5.2 Cognitive Strategies………………………………………………..……………….46

2.5.2.1 Bottom-up and Top-down Listening Strategies…………………………..49

2.5.3 Socio-affective Strategies………………………………………………..…………52

2.6 Empirical studies in the field of Language Learning Strategies………………………54

2.7 Summary……………………………………………………………………..……….58

 

Chapter Three: Methodology

3.0 Introduction…………………………………………………………………….…….59

3.1 Pilot study……………………………………………………………………………..59

3.2 Design of the study ………………………..…………………………………………60

3.3 Participants………………………………………………………………………..….61

3.4 Materials  ……………………………………………………………………………61

3.4.1 Oxford Placement Test………………………………….……………….….62

3.4.2 Cheng’s Scale for Listening Strategies………………………………………62

3.5 Procedure……………………………………………………………………..………63

 

3.6 Methods of Analyzing Data ………………………………………………………….65

3.6.1 Ethical consideration…………………………………………………….….65

3.7 Summary…………………………………………………………………………..….66

 

 

Chapter Four: Results

4.0 Introduction…………………………………………………………………………..68

4.1 Measure of L2 Proficiency……………………………………………………………69

4.2 Questionnaire Data ……………………………………………………………………70

4.3 The First Research Question………………………………………………………….71

یک مطلب دیگر :

4.4 The Second Research Question………………………………………………………77

4.5 Computing the Effect size……………………………………………………………78

4.6 Findings of Interview………………………………………………………………….83

4.7 Summary………………………………………………………………………………86

 

Chapter Five: Discussion

5.0 Introduction…………………………………………………………………….…….87

5.1 General Discussion………………………………………………………….………..88

5.1.1 Further Considerations……………………….……………………………..89

5.2 Implications……………………………………………………………….………….90

5.2.1 Implications for teachers……………………..……………………………..91

5.2.2 Implications for Students…………………..…………………….…………94

5.2.3 Implications for Educational Policy Makers and Curriculum Developer..…94

5.3 Limitations of the study………………………………………………………………95

5.4 Suggestions for Further Research…………………………………………………….96

5.5 Summary……………………………………………………………………….……..97

 

References ………………………………………………………………………………..98

 

Appendices………………………………………………………………………..……111

 

List of Tables

Table                                                                                                              Page

4.1       Statistics for the OPT Scores………………………………………………………69

4.2       Reliability statistics of the questionnaire (pilot study)…………………………….70

4.3       Item statistics for the listening comprehension strategy use questionnaire (metacognitive strategies)…………………………………………………………………71

4.4       Descriptive statistics for the listening comprehension strategy use questionnaire (metacognitive strategies)………………………………………………………….……..72

4.5       Item statistics for the listening comprehension strategy use questionnaire (cognitive strategies)………………………………………………………………………73

4.6       Descriptive statistics for the listening comprehension strategy use questionnaire (cognitive strategies)………………………………………………………………………74

4.7       Descriptive statistics for the listening comprehension strategy use questionnaire (socio affective strategies)………………………………………………………………..75

4.8       Descriptive statistics for the listening comprehension strategy use questionnaire (socio- affective strategies)………………………………………………………………..75

4.9       Statistics for different categories of the questionnaire……………………………76

4.10    Ranks of female and male participants on listening comprehension strategy use………………………………………………………………………………….……..78

4.11    Median value of each group (listening comprehension strategy -use questionnaire)……………………………………………………………………………..78

4.12    Mann-Whitney U Test for the listening comprehension strategy-use of males and females……………………………………………………………………………………78

4.13    Ranks for females and males in metacognitive strategies…………………..…….80

4.14    Ranks for females and males in cognitive strategies………………………………81

4.15    Ranks for females and males in socio- affective strategies…………………….…82

 

 

 

Be the first to comment

Leave a Reply

ایمیل شما نمایش داده نخواهد شد


*