رشته زبان انگلیسی The Role of CALL in Facilitating the Reading Ability of EFL Learners

0.1.Introduction. 12

0.2. Purpose of the Study…………………………………………………………..15

0.3. Significance of the Study………………………………………………………16

0.4. Statement of the paroblem…………………………………………………….17

0.5. Research Questions……………………………………………………………19

0.6. Research Null Hypothesis …………………………………………………….19

0.7. Definition of Key Terms ………………………………………….…………..19

0.8. Limitations and de-limitations….. …………………………………………….20

0.9.Outline of the Study……………………………………………………….……20

Chapter 1: Review of the Related Literature. 22

1.1. Introduction 23

1.2. Reading and Importance of Reading……………………………………………23

1.3. Reading Purposes….……………..………………………………………………27

1.4. Types of Reading………………………………………………………………28

1.4.1. Extensive reading………………………………………………………..28

1.4.2. Intensive reading………………………………………………………….28

1.5. Reading Comprehension……………………………………………………….29

1.6. Reading Comprehension Skills…………………………………………………31

1.6.1. Skimming…………………………………………………………………………………….31

1.6.2.Scanning………………………………………………………………….32

1.6.3. Identifying the Topic……………………………………………………..32    

1.6.4. Prediction…………………………………………….…………………….33

1.6.5. Inferring…………………………………………………………………..33

1.6.6. Asking and Answering Questions………………………………………..33

1.6.7. Note-taking……………………………………………………………….34

1.6.8. Sequencing ………………………………………………………………34

1.6.9. Knowing the meaning of words through context …………………………..….34

1.6.10. Visualizing………………………………………………………………34

1.6.11. Summarizing Text………………………………………………………35

1.6.12. Knowing the meaning of words through context……………………….35

1.6.13. Distinguishing facts from opinion ………………………………………36

  1. 7. Computer Assisted Language Learning (CALL) ………………………………36

1.8. The History of CALL……………………………………………………………36

1.8.1.Behavioristic CALL………………………………………………………37

1.8.2. Communicative CALL………………………………………..………….38

1.8.3. Interactive CALL………………..……………………………………….38

1.9. Advantages of CALL……………………………………………………………38

1.10. Disadvantages of CALL…………………………………………………..…40

یک مطلب دیگر :

1.11. CALL and Reading Skills……………………………………………………42

1.12. Using Computers in a Reading Class…………………………………………43

1.13. CALL Methodology……………………………………………………….…45

1.14. Previous Studies on CALL……………………………………………………46

1.15. Summary…………………………………………………..………….……….55        

Chapter 2: Methodology. 56

2.1. Introduction. 57

2.2. Participant………………………………………………………………………57

2.3. Design……………………………………………………………………………57

2.4. Procedure……………………………………………………………………….59

2.5. Instrumentation…………………………………………………………………59

2.5.1. The Placement Test………………….,………………………………….59

2.5.2. Pre-test………………………………………………….………………..59

2.5.3. Post-test…………………………………………………………………..60

2.6. Data collection and analysis…………………………………………….………60

2.7. Summary …………………………………………………………………..…. 60

Chapter 3: Results62

      3.1. Introduction. 63

3.2. Data analysis and Findings……………………………………………………..63

3.2.1. Analysis of Pre test………………………………………………………63

3.2.2. Analysis of Post test…………………………………………………….64

3.2.2.1 Reliability of the test…………………………………………….64

3.3 Summary………………………………………………….……………….…….67

Chapter 4: Discussion, Conclusion, Implications and Suggestions. 68

4.1. Introduction…………………………………………………………………….69

4.2. Discussion………………………………………………………….…………..69

4.3. Conclusions……………………………………………………………….……70

4.4. Implications…………………………………………………………………….70

4.4.1. Pedagogical Implications…………………………………………………70

4.4.2. Theoretical Implication…………………………………………………..71

4.5. limitations………………………………………………………………………71

4.6. Recommendations for Further Studies………………………………………….73

4.7. Summary………………………………………………………………………..73

APPENDICES. 74

REFERENCES………..………………………………………………………………102

List of Tables

     3.1 Independent Sample t-test Analysis of Pre-test…………………………………..64       

     3.2 Reliability of the posttest by using Split half……………………………………..64

     3.3 Paired Sample t-test Analysis of Pretest and Posttest…………………………….65

     3.4 Independent Sample t-test Analysis of post-test…………………………………..65

List of Abbreviations and Transcription Conventions

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